Harlingen Demographics Reflect Life Along U.S.-Mexico Border

As of the 2000 U.S. Census, there were 57,564 people, 19,021 households and 14,360 families residing in Harlingen, Texas, with a population density of 1,689.6 people per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 79% White, 1% Black or African American, 1% Native American, 1% Asian, 16% from other races, and 3% from two or more races. 73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race; most are of Mexican descent, but there are also few numbers of Central and South Americans, Puerto Ricans, Cubans etc.

As in other Rio Grande Valley cities, a large part of Harlingen’s transient population and a significant contributor to its economy consists of “Winter Texans.” Winter Texans are generally retirees from the northern Midwestern states and Canada who come to escape the northern winter weather between November and March. Because of the mild winters, the Harlingen area plays host to thousands of Winter Texans who have made Harlingen their “home away from home” or own second home here.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,296, and the median income for a family was $34,015. Males had a median income of $27,014 versus $21,795 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,886. About 19% of families and 25% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35% of those under age 18 and 16% of those age 65 or over.

  • Harlingen Population, Race, Age 2010
    Sex and Age
    Total Population 64,849
    Under 5 Years 5,572
    5 to 9 Years 5,568
    10 to 14 Years 5,353
    15 to 19 Years 5,086
    20 to 24 Years 4,251
    25 to 29 Years 4,369
    30 to 34 Years 3,989
    35 to 39 Years 4,096
    40 to 44 Years 3,821
    45 to 49 Years 3,756
    50 to 54 Years 3,719
    55 to 59 Years 3,356
    60 to 64 Years 3,116
    65 to 69 Years 2,315
    70 to 74 Years 1,960
    75 to 79 Years 1,872
    80 to 84 Years 1,371
    85 Years and Over 1,279
    Median age (years) 32.8
    16 years and over 47,297
    18 years and over 45,131
    21 years and over 42,354
    62 years and over 10,595
    65 years and over 8,797
    Male population 31,005
    Female Population 33,844
    Race
    Total Population 64,849
    White 56,583
    Black or African American 632
    American Indian or Alaska Native 305
    Asian 852
    Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific 34
    Some Other Race 5,240
    Two of More Races 1,203
    Hispanic or Latino
    Total Population 64,849
    Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 51,581
    Not Hispanic or Latino 13,268
  • Households By Income Harlingen, Texas
    Summary
    2012
    2017
    2012 – 2017 Change
    2012 -2017 Annual Rate
    Population 65,377 68,150 2,773 0.83%
    Households 21,797 22,844 1,047 0.94%
    Median Age 32.9 33.7 0.8 0.48%
    Average Household Size
    2.96
    2.95
    -0.01
    -0.07%
    Households by Income 2012 Number 2012 Percent 2017 Number 2017 Percent
    Household 21,797 100% 22,843 100%
    < $15,000 5,066 23.2% 5,170 22.6%
    $15,000-$24,999 3,489 16.0% 2,933 12.8%
    $25,000-$34,999 2,757 12.6% 2,361 10.3%
    $35,000-$49,999 3,374 15.5% 3,047 13.3%
    $50,000-$74,999 3,627 16.6% 4,846 21.2%
    $75,000-$99,999 1,279 5.9% 1,801 7.9%
    $100,000-$149,999 1,478 6.8% 1,825 8.0%
    $150,000-199,999 424 1.9% 512 2.2%
    $200,000+ 303 1.4% 348 1.5%
    Median Household Income $33,102 $38,744
    Average Household Income $46,978 $53,875
    Per Capita Income $16,051 $18,104
    Data Note: Income reported for July 1, 2017 represents annual income for the preceding year, expressed in current (2016) dollars, including an adjustment for inflation.
    Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2010 Summary File 1. Esri Forecasts for 2012 and 2017.
  • Cameron County Demographics By Marital Status
    Subject Cameron Estimate
    Average Household Size 3.44
    Average Family size 3.94
     
    Relationship
    Population in households 402,501
    Householder 116,839
    Spouse 62,943
    Child 158,798
    Other Relatives 52,832
    Non Relatives 11,089
    Unmarried Partner 4,498
     
    Marital Status
    Males 15 Years and over 138,527
    Never Married 46,452
    Now Married, except separated 73,834
    Separated 7,798
    Widowed 13,915
    Divorced 14,881
    Source: Factfinder 2012